Djurgårdsstaden. Foto: Lars Nyberg.
Planning and building legislation
The Swedish Planning and Building Act (PBA) places the main responsibility for the planning of land and water areas as well as buildings on the municipalities. PBA also contains provisions to be considered with regard to the care of buildings. In all building activity, alterations that are made to a building must be done with care so that the characteristic features of the building are taken into consideration, and so that its technical, historical, cultural historical, environmental and artistic value is protected (PBA: chap. 3:10). Buildings that are especially valuable from a historical, cultural, environmental or artistic perspective, or which are a part of a settlement area or complex of such a character, must not be deformed (PBA chap. 3:12).
According to PBA, every municipality must have a comprehensive plan which shows the comprehensive use of land and water within the municipality. The comprehensive plan is brought up to date each period of authorization. When dealing with a certain area or a special problem the municipalities should provide a more exhaustive comprehensive plan. In the case of the Royal National City Park, both Solna and Stockholm have presented detailed comprehensive plans. Comprehensive plans are as a rule the point of departure for detailed development plans within a municipality, but are not judicially binding. Detailed development plans regulate the use of the land in detail as well as the form and content of the buildings in a specific area, e.g. where houses can be positioned, how tall they may be, and what they may be used for. A detailed development plan is judicially binding and steers planning permission and property formation.
Area regulations can be introduced for an area without a detailed plan. These are less comprehensive than a detailed plan and can, for example, indicate the basic features for the use of the land, the maximum size of buildings within a certain area, and can increase or reduce the requirement for permission.
In both detailed plans and area regulations, regulations can be introduced to protect cultural historical values. The designation ‘q’ is a ‘consideration regulation’ for a cultural historically valuable environment, which can be supplemented with various affixes – ‘q1’, ‘q2’, etc. – indicating that a demolition ban or different forms of protective regulations apply. The designation ‘Q’ is a ‘land-use regulation’ which means that the land must only be used for already existing cultural historical settlement. The Stockholm city administration has drawn up area regulations for a large part of the Royal National City Park.