Stora vargjakten. Photo: Pernilla Nordström.
Woods and forests
The woods and forests of the Royal National City Park have a great diversity of species, many of which are unusual. A large part of the park is characterised by mixed forests with different species of deciduous and coniferous trees. Noble deciduous woods occur everywhere and the park has Svealand’s greatest concentrations of oak, elm, ash, linden and maple. In Sweden it is the noble deciduous woods that are the most species-rich. The preservation of the park’s collections of noble deciduous forests is thus of national interest.
Noble deciduous forests often contain trees of different ages including dead trees. The oaks are especially important in such forests for the many insects they support, some of which live on dead wood. Acorns and beechnuts are rich in nutrition and are fed on by both mammals and birds. Noble deciduous forests also support many species of plant that thrive in groves. In the spring, before the leaves are fully developed, there is enough light to support a rich panoply of blossoming wood anemone, yellow anemone and yellow Star-of-Bethlehem.
The oak is the most characteristic tree in the Royal National City Park. It is also the species of tree that supports the greatest number of species. Solitary sunbathed great oaks are especially well-known as highly species-rich biotopes. You will find great oaks on South and Norra Djurgården. Planted beeches can be found, for example, at Manilla on Södra Djurgården, at Fiskartorpet and in Ulriksdal.
The dominant types of woodland in the park used to be spruce and pine forests, though these have diminished in acreage and have been replaced by deciduous woods. Pine forests are important for our recreation and are also the most bird-rich of environments. Pine-dominated forests can be rather impressive with their ‘pillared halls’ of tall stately pines that can be several centuries old. These can be found in the region between Bergshamra Centre and Ulriksdal Palace and in the western part of Haga Park.
The Royal National City Park contains a number of hazel groves which are often overgrown meadows and pastures. These groves often include isolated large trees such as oaks. The park’s hazel groves lie southeast of Rosendal and around Vasaslätten in Haga.